When organic waste, such as food scraps or yard waste, is sent to landfills, it decomposes without sufficient oxygen, producing methane, a potent greenhouse gas that contributes to climate change. In addition, if landfills are not properly managed, they can leak harmful chemicals and pollutants into the soil and groundwater, which can eventually end up in nearby rivers and oceans.
By composting, organic waste is instead broken down in a controlled environment that allows for the natural breakdown of organic matter with oxygen, producing a nutrient-rich soil amendment that can be used to enrich the soil and support plant growth. By diverting organic waste from landfills, composting can help reduce greenhouse gas emissions and prevent harmful pollutants from entering the soil and waterways.
Overall, while composting may not have a direct impact on the ocean, it can indirectly contribute to a healthier ecosystem by reducing waste and promoting sustainable practices.